John of Damascus

John of Damascus

They are all marked with the Ulfberht name and two crosses, though some of the imitations are missing a letter here or there. New research brings us closer to the source of the swords, to the kiln in which these legendary weapons were forged. A previous theory held that the swords may have their origin in the Middle East or Asia, but surprisingly it seems the materials were sourced closer to where they were found, in Central Europe. At the time the Ulfberht swords were forged approximately — A. The Ulfberht has a carbon content about three times higher than that of other swords of its time. It would have been astoundingly stronger and yet more flexible than other swords, as well as light-weight. It also had almost no impurities, known as slag. This would have allowed for a more even distribution of carbon.

Maps of Pauls missionary journeys

The Legacy of Armenia: This campaign took place towards the end of the 4th century BC, and the Greek ruler is reported to have been presented with talents of Indian steel. There is also archaeological evidence for the production of steel in ancient India.

Makah, Medina, Damascus, Baghdad, Istanbul, Dubai, having more prone to predict your memories. Motivational strategies could hope for cheap or Liquidation of signs for practical help. Dating .

Damascus is one of the oldest continuously-inhabited cities in the world, with the earliest layers of occupation dating to between BC. This was at a time in which the region’s earliest nomadic pastoralists were extending southwards towards the Red Sea, at the end of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B culture of the Fertile Crescent. Those earliest layers of occupation may not have been permanent at first, but they soon became so. The city’s pre-Iron Age history is very obscure, but it may correspond to Egypt ‘s province of ‘Upe’ in the northern Levant.

This was was centred on ‘Ta-ms-qu’, on the border between Egyptian and Hittite zones of control. That obscurity may be the reason for some sources claiming a third millennium BC date for the city’s founding, even though the archaeology for habitation is almost twice as old. However, it remains unclear when the initial settlement area graduated into something that could be referred to as a city.

The ancient city of Damascus was founded on the south bank of the River Barada, behind the mountains of Lebanon , with the city being surrounded by an oasis. Despite this beneficial location, Damascus appears not to have achieved any importance until it was occupied by the Semitic Aramaeans in the tenth century BC. Under Aramaean leadership it enjoyed a period of independence as a regionally-powerful city state, often tied closely to Israelite politics and therefore being mentioned many times in the Old Testament.

Using Radiocarbon Dating to Establish the Age of Iron

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Jun 09,  · A photo shows a detailed figurine of a king’s head on display at the Israel Museum, dating to biblical times, and found last year near Israel’s northern border with Lebanon, in Jerusalem.

The gate on the western side of the Old City marked the end of the highway leading from the Jaffa coast and now leads into the Muslim and Armenian quarters. A road allows cars to enter the Old City through a wide gap in the wall between Jaffa Gate and the Citadel. The ruling Ottoman Turks opened it so the German Emperor would not have to dismount his carriage to enter the city. Herod’s Flowers Gate The entrance into the Muslim quarter through the northern wall. The gate consists of one large center gate originally intended for use by persons of high station, and two smaller side entrances for commoners.

New Gate So named because it was constructed relatively recently – in It leads into the Christian quarter.

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Share by Email Beneath the streets of a suburb of Damascus, rows of shelves hold books that have been rescued from bombed-out buildings. Over the past four years, during the siege of Darayya, volunteers have collected 14, books from shell-damaged homes. They are held in a location kept secret amid fears that it would be targeted by government and pro-Assad forces, and visitors have to dodge shells and bullets to reach the underground reading space.

Feb 02,  · Old shotguns used what they called Damascus steel barrels. This process pretty much ended by the early ‘s.

Early settlement[ edit ] Carbon dating at Tell Ramad , on the outskirts of Damascus, suggests that the site may have been occupied since the second half of the seventh millennium BC, possibly around BC. The Damascus region, as well as the rest of Syria, became a battleground circa BC, between the Hittites from the north and the Egyptians from the south, [24] ending with a signed treaty between Hattusili and Ramesses II where the former handed over control of the Damascus area to Ramesses II in BC.

However, these events contributed to the development of Damascus as a new influential center that emerged with the transition from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age. Nicolaus of Damascus , in the fourth book of his History, says thus: Now the name of Abraham is even still famous in the country of Damascus; and there is shown a village named from him, The Habitation of Abraham.

Aram-Damascus Annotated view of Damascus and surroundings from space. By the start of the first millennium BC, several Aramaic kingdoms were formed, as Aramaeans abandoned their nomadic lifestyle and formed federated tribal states.

Damascus Gate

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Damascus Online

It is one of the oldest cities in the Middle East. In the Middle Ages , it was the center of a flourishing craft industry, specializing in swords and lace. The city has some monuments from different periods of its history—one of the most spectacular is the eighth-century Great Mosque of the Umayyads , built on the site of an Assyrian sanctuary.

The key criteria for its selection as a World Heritage site, were that Damascus:

Damascus Steel or (Pattern Welding) is a process dating back thousands of years. The knives you see below are all handmade using this age old technique. These knives were made specifically for customers and are made to order.

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Over the last 40 years, there has been a discernible increase in the number of scholars who have focused their research on early industrial organizations, a field of study that has come to be known as Archaeotechnology. Archaeologists have conducted fieldwork geared to the study of ancient technologies in a cultural context and have drawn on the laboratory analyses developed by materials scientists as one portion of their interpretive program.

Corroded iron from the Java Sea Wreck. Chinese Warring States arrowhead dating to about — B. A wrought-iron Roman cleaver. Large spear from Burkino Faso, Africa.

Profile on of alloord Damascus, Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic – chat and date – the best and most serious Gulf and arab Dating Website.

They died on 27 September, probably in the year Damien, Father Joseph de Veuster – Biography of the Belgian missionary priest to the leper colony on Molokai Dan – The fifth son of Jacob, being the elder of the two sons born to him by Bala, the handmaid of Rachel, and the eponymous ancestor of the tribe bearing the same name Dance of Death – Originally a species of spectacular play akin to the English moralities. It has been traced back to the middle of the fourteenth century Dancing – The origin of dancing is from the natural tendency to employ gesture either to supplement or to replace speech Daniel – The hero and traditional author of the book which bears his name Daniel, Anthony – Huron missionary, born at Dieppe, in Normandy, 27 May , slain by the Iroquois Daniel, Book of – In the Hebrew Bible, and in most recent Protestant versions, the Book of Daniel is limited to its proto-canonical portions.

In the Septuagint, the Vulgate, and many other ancient and modern translations of the Bible, it comprises both its proto- and its deutero-canonical parts, both of which have an equal right to be considered as inspired, and to be included in a treatment of the Book of Daniel Daniel and Companions, Saint – Franciscan missionaries and martyrs, d. It has been traced back to the middle of the fourteenth century Death, Preparation for – Includes the steps taken, such as calling a priest, winding up earthly affairs, and confession Death Penalty – The infliction by due legal process of the penalty of death as a punishment for crime.

In ecclesiastical use it has various meanings. Any papal Bull, Brief, or Motu Proprio is a decree inasmuch as these documents are legislative acts of the Holy Father Decretals, Papal – In the wide sense the term decretalis signifies a pontifical letter containing a decretum, or pontifical decision. In a narrower sense it denotes a decision on a matter of discipline.

Author of commentaries, sermons, and theological and philosophical treatises. He died in Denzinger, Heinrich Joseph Dominicus – Theologian of the modern Catholic German school and author of the ‘Enchiridion’ universally used, b. Matthew, xxiv, 15, and St. Mark, xiii, 14 De Soto, Hernando – Explorer and conqueror, born at Villanueva de la Serena, Badajoz, Spain, or ; died on the banks of the Mississippi the latter part of June, Despair – The voluntary and complete abandonment of all hope of saving one’s soul and of having the means required for that end Determinism – A name employed by writers, especially since J.

Stuart Mill, to denote the philosophical theory which holds, in opposition to the doctrine of free will, that all man’s volitions are invariably determined by pre-existing circumstances Detraction – The unjust damaging of another’s good name by the revelation of some fault or crime of which that other is really guilty or at any rate is seriously believed to be guilty by the defamer Detroit – Diocese established 8 March,

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It is possible that Aretas is a dynastic name, for it was borne by several kings of the Nabateans, a people of northern Arabia, whose capital was the rockcut stronghold of Petra the Sela of the OT. Aretas I, the first known Nabatean king, appears in history in b. Aretas III in 85 b. It is interesting to note thus early in history a military goal of Nabatean expansion. It appears again in the story of Paul. In a westward direction, Aretas II appeared in the region of Gaza in 96 b.

Family background. John was born in Damascus in the third quarter of the 7th century AD, to a prominent Damascene Christian family known as “Mansoūr”. The family was named after John’s grandfather, Mansour ibn Sarjun, who had been responsible for the taxes of the region during the reign of Emperor Heraclius. Mansur seems to have played a role in the capitulation of Damascus to the .

Contact Syria’s recovered antiquities go on display at Damascus opera A Syrian woman takes a “selfie” photograph with her phone next to artefacts recovered by the government from archaelogical sites affected by fighting across the country, on display at an exhibition titled “Syria’s Recovered Treasures” at the Dar Al-Assad for Cutlure and Arts centre in the capital Damascus on October 3, The exhibition showcases about pieces of antique ceramic pots, bronze statues, jewelry, and coins dating back to various periods.

The exhibits were “found by the Syrian army and its allies, and the different security forces,” after they retook cities and archeological sites from rebels and jihadists, antiquities chief Mahmoud Hamoud said. Dozens of Syria’s archaeological sites have been destroyed, damaged or looted since the start of the seven-year civil war, with all sides blamed for the plundering.

On Wednesday evening, golden coins, bronze statues and amphoras were among artifacts on show at the Damascus opera house. Visitors could admire two rare busts rescued from the ancient city of Palmyra and restored in Italy after being damaged by the Islamic State jihadist group. The exhibits were “found by the Syrian army and its allies, and the different security forces,” after they retook cities and archaeological sites from rebels and jihadists, antiquities chief Mahmoud Hamoud said.

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